Oxford. Your current position in the text is marked in blue. Theophrastus' Characters is a joyous festival of fault-finding: a collection of thirty closely observed personality portraits, defining the full spectrum of human flaws, failings, and follies. Whenever a person has made a good bargain for him and charges him with it, he will say that it is too dear. Grumbling is undue censure of one’s portion. Then, when he is asked to dinner, he will request the host to send for the children; and will say of them, when they come in, that they are as like their father as figs; and will draw them towards him, and kiss them, and establish them at his side, — playing with some of them, and himself saying ‘Wineskin,’ and ‘Hatchet,’ and permitting others to got to sleep upon him, to his anguish. Or if his little Melitean dog has died, he will put up a little memorial slab, with the inscription, a scion of Melita. Theophrastus. Characters. Nor, if he is tolerated, will he ever desist. 9.1", "denarius"). Then, he will not buy a maid for his wife, though she brought him a dower; but will hire from the women’s market the girl who is to attend her on the occasions she goes out. Recklessness is tolerance of shame in word and deed. We shall have nobody to take the public wrongs to heart, if we allow ourselves to lose such men.’ Then he is apt to become the champion of worthless persons, and to form conspiracies in the law-courts in bad causes; and, when he is hearing a case, to take up the statements of the litigants in the worst sense. This text was converted to electronic form by professional data entry and has been proofread to a medium level of accuracy. with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. The Complaisant man is very much the kind of person who will hail one afar off with ‘my dear fellow’; and, after a large display of respect, seize and hold one by both hands. According toDiogenes Laertius, early in his life Theophrastus was a student of anotherwise unheard of Alcippus in his native city and then of Plato inthe Academy, where he met Aristotle, who was not more tâ¦ [Thus can the sting of ill temper produce in men the character of insanity and frenzy.]. Pseudo-Longinus On the Sublime: edited with Greek text, translation, introduction, and commentary [The English version of my Italian edition Sul Sublime, with numerous additions to the commentary.] Again, when he has taken places at the theatre for his foreign visitors, he will see the performance without paying his own share; and will bring his sons, too, and their attendants the next day. Those who send him presents with their compliments at feast-tide are told that he ‘will not touch’ their offerings. He will insist, too, on the slave mixing more wine than the company can finish; he will separate combatants, even those whom he does not know; he will undertake to show the path, and after all be unable to find his way. It is hard to bear with those who cannot discern between the time to trifle and the time to work.]. It is quite in his manner, too, when he is reckoning with any one, to bid his slave push the counters apart, set down the total, and charge it to the other’s account. [In short the Flatterer may be observed saying and doing all things by which he conceives that he will gain favour.]. It was he who reduced it from twelve cities to one, and undid the monarchy. Theophrastus. He loves, also, to impose upon his companion by the road with a story of how he served with Alexander, and on what terms he was with him, and what a number of gemmed cups he brought home; contending, too, that the Asiatic artists are superior to those of Europe; and all this when he has never been out of Attica. Officiousness would seem to be, in fact, a well-meaning presumption in word or deed. These women snatch the passers-by out of the very street…That is a house which has not the best of characters…Really there is something in that proverb about the women…In short, they have a trick of gossiping with men, — and they answer the hall-door themselves.’. characters of theophrastus greek texts Sep 26, 2020 Posted By Wilbur Smith Library TEXT ID 938ff121 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library text ed w d ross with greek translation and comments by p gratsiatos and a modern greek version without the â¦ He will ask his wife in bed if she has locked the wardrobe, and if the cupboard has been sealed, and the bolt put upon the hall-door; and, if the reply is ‘Yes,’ not the less will he forsake the blankets, and light the lamp and run about shirtless and shoeless to inspect all these matters, and barely thus find sleep. He will take his son away to Delphi to have his hair cut. Tufts University provided support for entering this text. Also, when he entertains, he will show off the qualities of his parasite to his guest; and will say, too, in an encouraging tone over the wine, that the amusement of the company has been provided for. The Oligarch is one who, when the people are deliberating whom they shall associate with the archon as joint directors of the procession, will come forward and express his opinion that these directors ought to have plenary powers; and, if others propose ten, he will say that ‘one is sufficient,’ but that ‘he must be a man.’. The characters of Theophrastus (1824 edition) | Open Library This edition presents a radically improved text for a unique work which had a profound influence on European literature. [These are troublesome persons, for their tongues are easily set wagging abusively; and they talk in so loud a voice that the market-place and the workshops resound with them.]. The Gossip is a person who, when he meets his friend, will assume a demure air, and ask with a smile — ‘Where are you from, and what are your tidings? Notes. from the Greek, and illustrated by physiognomical sketches. He will show forgiveness to his revilers, and excuse things said against him; and he will talk blandly to persons who are smarting under a wrong. The Mean man is one who, when he has gained the prize in a tragic contest, will dedicate a wooden scroll to Dionysus, having had it inscribed with his own name. Characters 30. his own behalf, and substitutes personal rituals for public ones. The Late-Learner is one who will study passages for recitation when he is sixty, and break down in repeating them over his wine. When Aristotle was forced to retire from Athens in 323, Theophrastus became the head of the Lyceum, the academy Aristotle had founded. If he has anything to sell, he will dispose of it at such a price that the buyer shall have no profit. I flatter myself that I can treat you to some news’; and he has a soldier, or a slave of Asteius the fluteplayer, or Lycon the contractor, just arrived from the field of battle, from whom he says that he has heard of it. we, the prytaneis, have been sacrificing to the Mother of the Gods meetly and auspiciously; receive ye her good gifts!’ Having made this announcement he will go home to his wife and declare that he is supremely fortunate. He has a knack, also, of bringing a higher bidder to him who has already found his market. Also on the fourth and seventh days of each month he will order his servants to mull wine, and go out and buy myrtle-wreaths, frankincense, and smilax; and, on coming in, will spend the day in crowning the Hermaphrodites. — don’t forget what you are going to say’; or ‘Thanks for reminding me’; or ‘How much one gets from a little talk, to be sure!’ or ‘By-the-bye’ — ; or ‘Yes! Oxford University Press. You have heard nothing? The author of the work, Theophrastus, was Aristotle's colleague, his immediate successor and head of his philosophical school for thirty-five years. Superstition would seem to be simply cowardice in regard to the supernatural. If he has dedicated a brass ring in the temple of Asclepius, he will wear it to a wire with daily burnishings and oilings. Tufts University provided support for entering this text. Again, when the trumpeter has sounded the signal for battle, he will cry, as he sits in the tent, ‘Bother! And, when he is minded to dance, he will seize upon another person who is not yet drunk. Shamelessness may be defined as neglect of reputation for the sake of base gain. The Evil-speaker is one who, when asked who so-and-so is, will reply, in the style of genealogists, ‘I will begin with his parentage. If he has been given anything, and has put it away himself, he will look for it and be unable to find it. He will buy a thing privately, when a friend seems ready to sell it on reasonable terms, and will dispose of it at a raise price. Then, in general, it may be noticed that the money-boxes of the penurious are mouldy, and the keys rusty; that they themselves wear their cloaks scarcely reaching to the thigh; that they anoint themselves with very small oil-flasks; that they have their hair cut close; that they take off their shoes in the middle of the day; and that they are urgent with the fuller to let their cloak have plenty of earth, in order that it may not soon be soiled. Their manner of life is indeed most miserable. If a mouse gnaws through a meal-bag, he will go to the expounder of sacred law and ask what is to be done; and, if the answer is, ‘give it to a cobbler to stitch up,’ he will disregard the counsel, and go his way, and expiate the omen by sacrifice. He will say, too, that foreigners peak more justly than his fellow-citizens. The text can be obscure, and the Greek can be a little monotonous although not without a certain charm and aptness - as though the stark phrases were deliberately chosen to lay bare the failings of mankind. He is the first of the guests to praise the wine; and to say, as he reclines next the host, ‘How delicate is your fare!’ and (taking up something from the table) ‘Now this — how excellent it is!’ He will ask his friend if he is cold, and if he would like something more; and, before the words are spoken, will wrap him up. When the market-place is full, he will go up to the place where nuts or myrtleberries or fruits are sold, and stand munching while he chatters to the seller. Oxford University Press. If a weasel run across his path, he will not pursue his walk until someone else has traversed the road, or until he has thrown three stones across it. He will borrow from a guest staying in his house. His given name was Tyrtamus (Î¤ÏÏÏÎ±Î¼Î¿Ï); his nickname ÎÎµÏÏÏÎ±ÏÏÎ¿Ï (or 'godly phrased') was given by Aristotle for his 'divine style of expression'. This text differs from Jebb’s only in using the Greek (as opposed to Roman) terms for political offices and monetary units, and restoring the order of the Χαρακτῆρες to the sequence most generally in use; Jebb’s sequence is noted throughout in parentheses. Hearing, he will affect not to have heard, seeing, not to have seen; if he has made an admission, he will say that he does not remember it. He will take his child from the nurse, and feed it from his own mouth, and chirp endearments to it, calling it ‘papa’s little rascal.’ He is apt, also, to ask before his relations, ‘Tell me, Mommy, — when you were bringing me into the world, how went the time?’ He will say that he has cool cistern-water at his house, and a garden with many fine vegetables, and a cook who understands dressed dishes. Character sketches. He is apt, also, to enforce the right of distraining, and to exact compound interest. When people wish to seem him in a hurry, he will desire them to call again. Author Theophrastus. [Characters. Fictionalized faults are the focus of Characters by Theophrastus (c. 370-c. 285 BCE). English & Greek] Characters / Theophrastus; edited with introduction, translation and commentary by James Diggle. Full search He will go to another man’s house and borrow barley, or sometimes bran; and moreover will insist upon the lenders delivering it at his door. His efforts will be to the benefit of all who seek an entrée into the lively world of the Greek mime. II. you have seen it in a moment’; or ‘I have been watching you all along to see if you would come to the same conclusion as I did’; and other such cues will he make for himself, so that his victim has not even breathing-time. When anyone comes to ask the loan of cups, he will, if possible, refuse; but, if perchance it is an intimate friend or relation, he will almost assay the cups in the fire, and weigh them, and do everything but take security, before he lends them. The Stupid man is one who, after doing a sum and setting down the total, will ask the person sitting next to him ‘What does it come to?’ When he is defendant in an action, and it is about to come on, he will forget it and go into the country; when he is a spectator in the theatre, he will be left behind slumbering in solitude. Speaking of honest men, he will add ‘so-so,’ and will remark that no one is honest, — all men are alike; indeed, one of his sarcasms is, ‘What an honest fellow!’ Again, he will say that the rascal is ‘a frank man, if one will look fairly at the matter.’ ‘Most of the things that people say of him,’ he admits, ‘are true; but some things’ (he adds) ‘they do not know; namely that he is a clever fellow, and fond of his friends, and a man of tact’; and he will contend in his behalf that he has ‘never met with an abler man.’ He will show him favour, also, when he speaks in the Ecclesia or is at the bar of a court; he is fond, too, of remarking to the bench, ‘The question is of the cause, not the person.’ ‘The defendant,’ he will say, ‘is the watch-dog of the people, — he keeps an eye on evil-doers. Here is proof — he allows his wife, who brought him six talents of dowry and has borne him a child, three copper coins for the luxuries of the table; and makes her wash with cold water on Poseidon’s day.’ When he is sitting with others, he loves to criticise one who has just left the circle; nay, if he has found an occasion, he will not abstain from abusing his own relations. He will praise to their faces those whom he attacked behind their backs, and will sympathise with them in their defeats. 04.11.2020 / higed / 0 Comments. He will not tread upon a tombstone, or come near a dead body or a woman defiled by childbirth, saying that it is expedient for him not to be polluted. changes, storing new additions in a versioning system. What porch is there, what workshop, what part of the market-place which they do not haunt all day long, exhausting the patience of their hearers in this way, and wearying them to death with their fictions?]. To persons who have bought something of him and say, ‘How much is it? The Chatty Man is one who will say to those whom he meets, if they speak a word to him, that they are quite wrong, and that he knows all about it, and that, if they listen to him, they will learn; then, while one is answering him, he will put in, ‘Do you tell me so? Get this from a library! Then, if his sons, through ill-health, do not attend the school throughout the month, he will make a proportionate deduction from the payment; and all through Anthesterion he will not send them to their lessons because there are so many festivals, and he does not wish to pay the fees. Penuriousness is too strict attention to profit and loss. Also he will inscribe upon a deceased woman’s tombstone the name of her husband, of her father, and of her mother, as well as her own, with the place of her birth; recording further that ‘All these were Estimable Persons.’ And when he is about to take an oath he will say to the bystanders, ‘This is by no means the first that I have undertaken.’. Well certainly these are glorious tidings!’ Then, without allowing the other to answer, he will go on — ‘What say you? Characters. This text was converted to electronic form by professional data entry and has been proofread to a medium level of accuracy. characters of theophrastus greek texts Sep 25, 2020 Posted By Erskine Caldwell Media TEXT ID 938ff121 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library source for theophrastus life and works in his life of theophrastus v 36 38 fr 1 fhsg for this abbreviation see primary literature bibliography he reports that theophrastus was This book presents an introduction to the Characters, a collection of thirty amusing descriptions of character types who lived in Athens in the fourth century BCE. And he would seem, too, to be one of these persons who collect and call crowds about them, ranting in a loud cracked voice and haranguing them; meanwhile some will approach, and others go away without hearing him out; but to some he gives the first chapter of his story, to others and epitome, to others a fragment; and the time which he chooses for parading his recklessness is always when there is some public gathering. 1. Late-learning would seem to mean the pursuit of exercises for which one is too old. by R. C. Jebb (HTML at eudaemonist.com) Theophrastus: Theophrastus on Stones: Introduction, Greek Text, English Translation, and Commentary (Columbus, OH: Ohio State University, 1956), ed. -- (Cambridge classical texts and commentaries; 41) Includes bibliographical references and indexes. This happens to no man in Athens but you. When people say that they are going, he loves to escort them, and to seem them safe into their houses. He will seize the opportunity of taking his boys to the play, when the lessees of the theatre grant free admission. At a conjuror’s performance, too, he will collect the copper coins, going along from man to man, and wrangling with those who have the free-pass, and claim to see the show for nothing. They have been much imitated, never bettered. He studied at Athens under Aristotle, and when Aristotle was forced to retire in 323 he became the head of the Lyceum, the academy in Athens founded by Aristotle. He will also sing at the bath; and will drive nails into his shoes. Theophrastus : Characters.. When he is receiving rent from a slave, he will demand in addition the discount charged on the copper money; also, in going through the account of the manager
. Theophrastus' Characters is a collection of 30 short character-sketches of various types of individuals who might be met in the streets of Athens in the late fourth century BC. He vows that thyme smells sweeter than any perfume; he wears his shoes too large for his feet; he talks in a loud voice. I. Diggle, James. He distrusts his friends and relatives, but talks confidentially to his own servants on the most important matters; and recounts all the news from the Ecclesia to the hired labourers working on his land. Often have cloaks been lost by those of them who draw groups round them at the baths; often has judgment gone by default against those who were winning battles or seafights in the Stoa; and some there are who, while mounting the imaginary breach, have missed their dinner. The Coward is one who, on a voyage, will protest that the promontories are pirates; and, if a high sea gets up, will ask if there is any one on board who has not been initiated. Great is he, too, in lawsuits, now as defendant, now as prosecutor; sometimes excusing himself on oath, sometimes attending the court with a box of papers in the breast of his cloak and satchels of note-books in his hands. He shows surprise and wonder at nothing else, but will stand still and gaze when he sees an ox or an ass or a goat in the streets. He speaks also of having heard privately that the authorities have a man hid in a house who came just five days ago from Macedonia, and who knows it all. And, when he desires to spit, he will spit across the table at the cup-bearer. If he is cooking a leek himself in the country, he will put salt into the pot twice, and make it uneatable. When he is at table with others, he will count how many cups each of them has drunk; and will pour a smaller libation to Artemis than any of the company. The characters of Theophrastus; tr. Chattiness, if one should wish to define it, would seem to be an incontinence of talk. Hide browse bar [He who would not have a fever must shake off such persons, and thrust them aside, and make his escape. He cannot forgive a person who has besmirched him by accident, or pushed him, or trodden upon his foot. On learning the news from the Ecclesia, he hastens to report it; and to relate, in addition, the old story of the battle in Aristophon [the orator]’s year, and of the Lacedaemonian victory in Lysander’s time; also of the speech for which he himself once got glory in the Assembly; and he will throw in some abuse of ‘the masses,’ too, in the course of his narrative; so that the hearers will either forget what it was about, or fall into a doze, or desert him in the middle and make their escape. He will be careful, too, that his attendant shall be an Aethiopian: and, when he pays a mina, he will case the slave to pay the sum in new coin. These, again, are traits of his. If his patron is approaching a friend, he will run forward and say, ‘He is coming to you’; and then, turning back, ‘I have announced you.’ He is just the person, too, who can run errands to the women’s market without drawing breath. He will help the bakery-maid to grind the corn for the use of the household and for his own; he will eat his breakfast while he shakes down hay for his beasts of burden; he will answer a knock at the door himself, and call the dog to him, and take hold of his nose, saying ‘This fellow looks after the place and the house.’ When he is given a piece of money, he will reject it, saying that it is too smooth, and thereupon will take another instead; and, if he has lent his plough, or a basket or sickle or bag, and remembers it as he lies awake, he will ask it back in the middle of the night. The Oligarchical temper would seem to consist in a love of authority, covetous, not of gain, but of power. When he sees a serpent in his house, if it be the red snake, he will invoke Sabazius, — if the sacred snake, he will straightway place a shrine on the spot. As he saunters in the streets, he will decide cases for those who have made him their referee. He is apt to claim his part of a copper coin found by his servants in the streets, and to cry ‘Shares in the luck!’ Having sent his cloak to be scoured he will borrow another from an acquaintance, and delay to restore it for several days, until it is demanded back. If he travels on the public service, he will leave at home the money allowed to him by the State, and will borrow of his colleagues in the embassy; he will load his servant with more baggage than he can carry, and give him shorter rations than any other master does; he will demand, too, his strict share of the presents, — and sell it. When a servant has broken a jug or a plate, he will take the value out of his rations; or, if his wife has dropped a triple-copper coin, he is capable of moving the furniture and the sofas and the wardrobes, and of rummaging in the curtains. If a subscription has been raised for him by his friends, and someone says to him ‘Cheer up!’ — ‘Cheer up?’ he will answer; ‘when I have to refund his money to every man, and to be grateful besides, as if I had been done a service!’. When he is celebrating his daughter’s marriage, he will sell the flesh of the animal sacrificed, except the parts due to the priest; and will hire the attendants at the marriage festival on condition that they attend their own board. He will not permit himself to give any man the first greeting. Oxford. Theophrastus' Characters is a collection of thirty short character-sketches of various types of individuals who walked the streets of Athens in the late fourth century BC. The report grows firmer and firmer — everyone is agreed — they all give the same account of the battle’; adding that the hash has been dreadful; and that he can tell it, too, from the faces of Government — he observes that they have all changed countenance. Enter it in your books, for I am too busy to send the money yet,’ — he will reply: ‘Do not trouble yourself; if you are not at leisure, I will accompany you.’. When he feasts the men of his deme, the cutlets set before them will be small; when he markets, he will come in having bought nothing. The Reckless man is one who will lightly take an oath, being proof against abuse, and capable of giving it; in character a coarse fellow, defiant of decency, ready to do anything; just the person to dance the cordax, sober and without a mask, in a comic chorus. It is very much in his manner to use phrases of this kind: ‘We must meet and discuss these matters by ourselves, and get clear of the rabble and the market-place’; ‘we must leave off courting office, and being slighted or graced by these fellows’; ‘either they or we must govern the city.’ He will go out about the middle of the day with his cloak gracefully adjusted, his hair daintily trimmed, his nails delicately pared, and strut through the Odeum Street, making such remarks as these: ‘There is no living in Athens for the informers’; ‘we are shamefully treated in the courts by the juries’; ‘I cannot conceive what people want with meddling in public affairs’; ‘how ungrateful the people are — always the slaves of a largess or a bribe’; and ‘how ashamed I am when a meagre, squalid fellow sits down by me in the Ecclesia!’ ‘When,’ he will ask, ‘will they have done ruining us with these public services and trierarchies? A Greek text is freely available; cf. 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